Assuming that you have a choice of wood types when you purchase your supply of firewood for home heating, there are some woods that burn hotter and longer than other firewood, and that can greatly improve the heat efficiency of your fireplace or heat stove.
Hardwoods such as maple, oak, ash, birch and most fruit trees are the best burning woods in terms of a hot and longer burn time. These woods have the least pitch and sap and are generally cleaner to handle. However, hardwood firewood is generally more expensive than softwoods and are more prone to leave clinkers in the ash residue.
Softwood firewood is the cheapest to buy in terms of burn wood. Fir is the best, and other softwoods include pine, balsam, spruce, tamarack, alder and poplar. Softwoods tend to burn faster and leave a finer ash. They can be messy to handle, especially pine, spruce and balsam, and they cause creosote to build up more quickly in your chimney.
Do not burn green wood, it will not produce heat only smoke and creosote. Stack your wood for efficient air circulation, top-cover only and make sure it is thoroughly dry before burning.
Only a sampling of woods have been mentioned, there are many other types of woods which are native to other geographical areas. But this will help you to better understand why hardwoods are preferred over softwoods in terms of burning wood for home heat.
Read More About Burning Wood & Heating:
Heating With Wood
What Not to Burn in Your Heat Stove
Heating Resources & Tips
Energy Conservation Tips
Ceiling Fan Benefits
Where to Find Free Firewood
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